By Douglas S. Robertson
By Lorraine Daston,Elizabeth Lunbeck
Observation is the main pervasive and primary perform of all of the glossy sciences, either average and human. Its tools comprise not just the bare senses but additionally instruments similar to the telescope and microscope, the questionnaire, the photographic plate, the computing device, the glassed-in beehive, and myriad different inventive innovations designed to make the invisible obvious, the evanescent everlasting, the summary concrete. but statement has nearly by no means been regarded as an item of historic inquiry in itself. This wide-ranging assortment deals the 1st exam of the historical past of medical statement in its personal correct, as either epistemic class and medical practice.
Histories of medical Observation good points enticing episodes drawn from around the spectrum of the normal and human sciences, starting from meteorology, drugs, and normal background to economics, astronomy, and psychology. The contributions highlight how observers have scrutinized everything—from seaweed to X-ray radiation, loved ones budgets to the emotions—with ingenuity, interest, and perseverance verging on obsession. This booklet makes a compelling case for the importance of the lengthy, unbelievable, and epistemologically major background of medical remark, a background filled with options that experience enlarged the chances of belief, judgment, and reason.
By Kevin R. Grazier,Stephen Cass
Informative, unique and upbeat, this ebook maintains Grazier and Cass's exploration of the way expertise, technological know-how, and scientists are portrayed in Hollywood productions. either significant and small-screen productions are featured and their technological know-how content material illuminated—first via the authors and as a result through a variety of specialists from technology and the movie international. Starring roles during this quantity are performed via, between different issues, desktops (human and mechanical), man made intelligences, robots, and spacecraft. Interviews with writers, manufacturers, and administrators of acclaimed science-themed motion pictures stand facet through facet with the views of scientists, technological know-how fiction authors, and technology advisors. the result's a stimulating and informative interpreting event for the layperson scientist or engineer alike. The ebook starts with a foreword by way of Zack Stentz, who co-wrote X-Men: First Class and Thor, and is at present a writer/producer on CW’s The Flash.
By Harald Atmanspacher ,Sabine Maasen
“A finished, insightful remedy of the reproducibility demanding situations dealing with technology this day and of how within which the medical group can handle them.”
- Kathleen corridor Jamieson, Elizabeth Ware Packard Professor of Communication,
University of Pennsylvania
“How do we ensure that reproducible study continues to be a key primary of medical conversation lower than expanding commercialization, media recognition, and booklet strain? This instruction manual deals the 1st interdisciplinary and basic therapy of this crucial question.”
- Torsten Hothorn, Professor of Biostatistics, collage of Zurich
Featuring peer-reviewed contributions from famous specialists of their fields of study, Reproducibility: rules, difficulties, Practices, and customers presents cutting-edge ways to reproducibility, the top-rated of sound technological know-how, from multi- and interdisciplinary views. together with accomplished insurance for enforcing and reflecting the norm of reproducibility in quite a few pertinent fields of analysis, the e-book makes a speciality of how the reproducibility of effects is utilized, the way it should be restricted, and the way such obstacles might be understood or maybe managed within the normal sciences, computational sciences, existence sciences, social sciences, and reviews of technological know-how and technology.
The publication provides many chapters dedicated to a number of equipment and strategies, in addition to their epistemic and ontological underpinnings, which were constructed to defend reproducible study and curtail deficits and screw ups. The e-book additionally investigates the political, ancient, and social practices that underlie reproducible study in modern technological know-how stories, together with the problems of excellent medical perform and the ethos of reproducibility in smooth innovation societies.
Reproducibility: rules, difficulties, Practices, and customers is a advisor for researchers who're drawn to the overall and overarching questions at the back of the idea that of reproducibility; for lively scientists who're faced with sensible reproducibility difficulties of their daily paintings; and for monetary stakeholders and political choice makers who have to larger comprehend the demanding situations of reproducibility. moreover, the publication is an invaluable in-depth primer for undergraduate and graduate-level classes in medical technique and simple matters within the philosophy and sociology of technological know-how from a contemporary perspective.
Harald Atmanspacher, PhD, is affiliate Fellow and employees member at Collegium Helveticum, ETH and college Zurich and can also be President of the Society for Mind-Matter Research. He has pioneered advances in complicated dynamical platforms learn and in a few subject matters fascinated about the relation among the psychological and physical.
Sabine Maasen, PhD, is Professor for Sociology of technological know-how and Director of the Munich middle for know-how in Society (TU Munich) and affiliate Fellow at Collegium Helveticum (ETH and collage Zurich). Her examine specializes in the interface of technological know-how, expertise, and society, significantly with appreciate to neuroscience and its applications.
By Shirley Simon,Christina Ottander,Ilka Parchmann
This ebook explores the ways that small scale examine stories come up from problems with perform, and the way they're conceptualised, theorised and applied utilizing a number of methodological techniques and frameworks. The narratives written by way of 13 doctoral scholars inform genuine tales of initiatives and demanding situations that researchers face while making the transition from academic practitioner to researcher.
Considering case stories from the united kingdom, Sweden and Germany, chapters search to enquire and tell others approximately how doctoral scholars solved person and ordinary difficulties linking perform and learn. every one methodological trip highlights and illustrates the iterative and cyclic nature of study, and the normality of the method of going backward and forward among facts and conception, making alterations of path as learn proceeds. The publication contains frameworks for combining study, conception and perform, drawing from the methodological judgements and conclusions every one contributor made to strengthen their very own perform orientated research.
Narratives of Doctoral experiences in technological know-how schooling will be key studying for researchers and teachers within the fields of academic study, technological know-how schooling, learn equipment and better schooling, in addition to masters and doctoral scholars project their very own learn tasks.
By Deborah Corrigan,Cathy Buntting,Justin Dillon,Alister Jones,Richard Gunstone
This quantity considers the way forward for technological know-how studying - what's being discovered and the way it truly is being discovered - in formal and casual contexts for technology schooling. to do that, the e-book explores significant modern shifts within the varieties of technological know-how which can or can be discovered within the subsequent two decades, what varieties of studying of that technological know-how should still take place, and the way that studying occurs, together with from the viewpoint of novices. particularly, this quantity addresses shifts within the sorts of technological know-how which are researched and taught post-school – rising sciences, new sciences which are new integrations, “futures science”, and raises within the complexity and multidisciplinarity of technology, together with a multidisciplinarity that embraces methods of understanding past technology. A principal point of this by way of the way forward for studying technological know-how is the pressing have to interact scholars, together with their non-cognitive, affective dimensions, either for an informed citizenry and for a efficient reaction to the ever present matters approximately destiny call for for science-based pros. one other valuable factor is the particular influence of ICT on technology studying and educating, together with shifts in how scholars use cellular expertise to benefit science.
By Panel on Communicating National Science Foundation Science and Engineering Information to Data Users,Committee on National Statistics,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Engine
The nationwide heart for technology and Engineering facts (NCSES) of the nationwide technology beginning (NSF) communicates its technological know-how and engineering (S&E) details to info clients in a really fluid surroundings that's present process modernization at a velocity at which information manufacturer dissemination practices, protocols, and applied sciences, on one hand, and person calls for and functions, at the different, are altering speedier than the business enterprise has been capable of accommodate. NCSES requested the Committee on nationwide statistics and the pc technology and Telecommunications Board of the nationwide study Council to shape a panel to study the NCSES communique and dissemination application that's fascinated with the gathering and distribution of knowledge on technological know-how and engineering and to suggest destiny instructions for the program.
Communicating technological know-how and Engineering info within the info Age comprises techniques to enhance NCSES's dissemination application and enhance info consumer engagement. This record comprises innovations akin to NCSES's transition to a dissemination framework that emphasizes database administration instead of info presentation, and that NCSES learn the result of its preliminary on-line buyer survey and refine it through the years. The implementation of the report's innovations may be undertaken inside of an total framework that accords precedence to the fundamental caliber of the knowledge and the basics of dissemination, then to major improvements which are achieveable within the brief time period, whereas laying the foundation for different long term improvements.
By Fred D. Singer
By Garland E. Allen,Jeffrey J.W. Baker
This booklet enhances fact-drive textbooks in introductory biology classes, or classes in biology and society, by way of targeting a number of details: (1) Biology as a technique of doing technology, emphasizing how we all know what we all know. (2) It stresses the position of technological know-how as a social in addition to highbrow approach, one who is usually embedded in its time and position in history.
In facing the problem of technology as a technique, the ebook introduces scholars to the weather of inductive and deductive good judgment, speculation formula and trying out, the layout of experiments and the translation of knowledge. An appendix provides the fundamentals of statistical research for college kids with out heritage in statistical reasoning and manipulation. Reasoning techniques are regularly illustrated with particular examples from either the prior (eighteenth and 19th century) in addition to the present.
In facing technological know-how and social matters, this e-book introduces scholars to historic, sociological and philosophical concerns resembling Thomas Kuhn’s idea of paradigms and paradigm shifts, the social-constructions view of the historical past of technology, in addition to political and moral concerns such human experimentation, the eugenics circulation and obligatory sterilization, and spiritual arguments opposed to stem telephone learn and the educating of evolution in schools.
In addition to express examples illustrating one element or one other concerning the technique of biology or social-political context, a couple of in-depth case experiences are used to teach how clinical investigations are originated, designed, performed specifically social/cultural contexts. between these incorporated are: Migration of monarch butterflies, John Snow’s investigations at the reason for cholera, Louis Pasteur’s controversy over spontaneous new release, the mass extinction of the dinosaurs, and the Tuskegee syphilis experiment.